What are the must-see sights that highlight Prague's beautiful architecture?

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Answered by: Rowenavera, An Expert in the Traveling in the Czech Republic Category
Prague's beautiful architecture showcases a true melting pot of building styles that crosses more than a thousand years. Some of its buildings are gorgeous, others are daring, and all are unforgettable.

Gothic – St. Vitus Cathedral



This Gothic Cathedral, founded in 1344, was the latest of many religious buildings on the site. There is a lot to see here and a tour guide or guidebook would be helpful. Of particular note are: the bronze doors, carved with reliefs of the cathedral’s history and legends about various saints, the royal mausoleum, and St. Wenceslas Chapel, which is decorated with 14th century paintings of the Passion cycle and holds the Bohemian Coronation Jewels.



Don’t miss the Art Nouveau style stained glass window, created by the famous artist and Czech Patriot Alphonse Mucha.

Baroque - Troja Palace

This beautifully preserved building was constructed for the Counts of Sternberg in 1691. It contains the 19th century Czech art collection of the City Gallery. Outside, there are sculpted statues of gods and giants locked in battle. The garden also has a fine view of St. Vitus Cathedral in the Prague Castle complex.

Don’t miss the magnificent Habsburg’s Apotheosis, painted in Trompe-l'œil style, in the main rooms.

Art Nouveau – The Municipal House (Obecní dum)

The Czech Republic was at the center the Art Nouveau movement. Its distinctive paintings, statues, and elegant curving lines are visible in so much of Prague's beautiful architecture. The Municipal House, built in 1912, has some of the finest examples of this art style, both within the building and visible from the street.

Don’t miss the Homage to Prague, an exterior mosaic visible from outside. It's over the entrance.

Communist - Kotva Department store

This building, completed in 1975, was designed by the architectural duo Vera and Vladimir Machonin. It was built on the site of the Church of St. Benedict, which had been demolished in the late 18th century. It has a functional and visually interesting construction of five stories of interlocking hexagons connected by numerous escalators. It was the largest department store in the former Czechoslovakia, and now offers clothing and fashion items.

Don’t miss the terrace restaurant at the top floor, which offers fine food and an excellent view of Prague.

High Tech Architecture - Žižkov Television Tower

This unique transmitter tower, built in 1992, ignites controversy to this day due to its experimental style. It has three pillars supporting nine rounded pods. These converge to a central point. At 216 meters high, it’s a major part of the skyline and visible from most areas of Prague. For a small fee, you can go to the observation deck at the top and enjoy an uninterrupted panorama of this historic city. At night, the tower is lit with colorful floodlights.

Don’t miss the playful statues of giant babies that crawl over the sides.

Modern (Deconstructivist) - Dancing House

This building, completed in 1996, was also controversial as it contrasts strikingly with the more traditional architecture of its neighborhood. The design sprang from a creative partnership between Vlado Milunic and Frank Gehry. Its two buildings are locked together, one shaped of curving glass panels and the other a whimsical cone set on its point.

Don’t miss the Medusa, a twisted beam sculpture atop one of the buildings.

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